What do you mean by 5G technology?
Hello today, we will discuss the next step in wireless technology called 5G, how safe it is, and what will be the 5G launch date In India? Let’s get started!
5G is the 5th generation of a wireless technology series that began with 1G in 1979. 1G has enabled wireless calls. 2G enabled messages. 3G makes internet use on phones that 4G may be delivered with HD video streaming, fast internet, and many other features.
All of these wireless technologies use electromagnetic waves to transmit data and the frequency of the Electromagnetic wave plays an important role in it. Frequently, in simple terms it is the power/data transfer of the wave which means, to increase the frequency, the more the data transfer capacity.
Where 4G typically uses a range of frequencies from 2Ghz to 8Ghz, 5G can use more than 50Ghz waves. Because of this, compared to 4G, 5G can offer many additional benefits such as ten times the current internet speed with which we can download a 2 hr HD movie in a few seconds. non-motorized vehicles and the Internet of Things (IoT).
With this, we will be able to control everything from the light in our homes to the things that work with the smartphone.
5G launch date in India?
- During the Indian mobile congress Mukesh Ambani, Reliance Chairman announced that Jio will launch its 5G network in the second half of 2021. That’s good.
- Vodafone Idea also proposed 5G trials with many vendors, including Huawei and Ericsson.
- Airtel recently aired a 5G live commercial network in the city of Hyderabad and said its network is ready.
[button color=”red” size=”small” link=”https://t.me/technewspoint” icon=”Telegram” target=”true”]Join our Telegram Channel[/button]
Facts about the 5G launch date in India.
- According to COAI director Rajan Matthews, it will take another five years for India to acquire a valid 5G network.
- The main reason for this is a 7.5 Lakh crore loan for mobile users.
- The 5G spectrum has not been sold at auction in India yet. First, there will be an auction, then tenders will be distributed and network operators will decide which service provider they will join to install 5G towers, and the whole process will definitely take some time.
- The network has not yet arrived but we are still talking about 5G speed because people have started buying smart 5G phones with a sub 6 GHz FR1 band that can provide 400mbps speed over a 5G network.
- Data usage: India is the second-largest smartphone market in the world, leading to an increase in meteorite data usage – from 20 million terabytes in 2017 to 55 million terabytes by 2019. India uses more than 11 GB / user/month – the highest in the world. In addition, we continue to add broadband subscribers on a monthly basis.
- Lower fiber insertion: There is no visible way fiber connection can be upgraded quickly. This poses a major challenge in regaining the strength of the massive towers.
Will you get 400mbps speed after the 5G network arrives? I do not think so. There will be no small improvement with 4G speed even if 5G has arrived.
Even because India’s 4G speed is less than 12 Mbps as tested by Ookla. On average people use a speed of 12 Mbps when using the internet.
Have you ever seen a speed of 50 Mbps on your 4G network? Another fact is that among the 138 countries India is ranked 129th in terms of 4G speed.
Now let’s talk about the 5G network. The 5G network is broadly divided into 2 parts – Sub 6GHz and Millimeter-wave.
Millimeter-wave technology provides 1gbps mobile speed as long as your phone supports this technology. But the problem is the cost of infrastructure. One antenna costs the Crores for 800m wide.
Assume that most antennas are installed within every 800m. So we will not be able to see Millimeter-wave technology in India any time soon. ISPs installing Millimeter Wave horns soon and showcasing their high internet speed but that’s a guess because not everything is said and shown accurately.
When will 5G towers be set up when the ISP has no space or funds. Currently, 4G Unlimited plans for almost all network providers cost INR300 to INR400 per month.
According to Airtel Chairman Sunil Mittal, the cost of 4G systems will double in the next quarter; yes COSTS will be doubled not Speed. This is because the network providers are not making a profit at this rate. Data in India is cheaper.
The iPhone 12 series introduced in India, is probably the most expensive smartphone and should have all the features of 5G on it including the Millimeter-wave. But unfortunately, none of its models have a single MM band.
But it has all the belts in the US version. This means that even Apple thinks it is useless to offer any MM band.
Buy a 5G phone. Maybe the network should be good. What is the difference between a 4G phone and a 5G phone? Yes, it is for our psychological satisfaction that we pay a high price for 5G modems.
Let’s imagine that in the next three years we will have 5G networks and by purchasing 5G phones we will be ready. Now imagine that you will be using the same phone for the next three years? Tell me in the comment section.
How does 5G technology work?
5G can be divided into three types: Low Band, Mid Band, and High Band.
Low Band 5G offers high bandwidth, which can cover long distances due to its use of low-frequency frequencies with data carrying the same or slightly higher 4G capacity. Currently, Mid Band 5g compared to Low Band offers a lot of data handling capabilities but a small distance.
Then comes the High Band 5g, High 5G speeds of about 10 Gbps are only possible on this Band.
To transmit data, High Band 5G uses millimeter waves (mmWaves). These waves can transmit information at extremely fast speeds, but they are only about 1,000 feet (500 m) long!
To solve these problems, 5G uses MIMO or Multiple Output Technology, which uses multiple antennas in the broadcast tower to send and receive multiple input and output signals simultaneously.
The second technology is Beamforming, where instead of going to all the indicators the signal is transmitted directly to the smartphone which increases the signal strength and reduces the distortion during signal transmission.
Apart from this, through Duplex Technology, 5G can transmit incoming and outgoing signals to the same frequency which will make 5G more efficient.
MmWaves are very small because they can absorb trees and buildings nearby. To increase the width, it will be necessary to install more small towers inside the smaller area, which helps to maintain the connection. Because of these needs, it could take 5G a few years for it to be easily available in the global market.
Is 5G safe?
To answer this we need to understand the concept of Ionizing and Non-ionizing radiation.
Ionizing radiation such as X-Rays, Gamma Rays are seen in radioactive materials such as Uranium and Plutonium. The waves emitted by these substances are very strong and frequent, so they can cause cancer in the human body.
But 5G uses non-ionizing radiation such as radio waves and Microwaves, so the negative effects of ionizing radiation could not be seen in most cases. However, these waves have shown potential for heat production.
More research is going on in the 5G sector and more new information is expected in the future.
That’s it for this article. I hope you find it useful. Please feel free to comment if you have any questions or suggestions for us.